Creating a new TreeView DataWindow

You use the TreeView wizard and the DataWindow painter to create a TreeView DataWindow.

TreeView creation process

A TreeView DataWindow has multiple levels, each of which is a node in the TreeView. You use the TreeView wizard to create a TreeView DataWindow, but the wizard produces a DataWindow that includes only the top level of the TreeView.

Creating a complete TreeView DataWindow involves three steps:

  • Using the TreeView DataWindow wizard to create the top level (level 1) of the TreeView DataWindow.

  • Using the DataWindow painter to add additional levels to the TreeView DataWindow.

  • Setting TreeView DataWindow properties to customize the TreeView style.

For information about adding and deleting TreeView levels, see Adding and deleting TreeView levels.For information about setting properties in the DataWindow painter, see Setting properties for the TreeView DataWindow.

You can use TreeView DataWindow methods to expand and collapse TreeView nodes, and you can write code for TreeView DataWindow events that are fired when a node is expanded or collapsed. For detailed information about using TreeView DataWindow properties, methods, and events, see DataWindow Reference.

Creating a TreeView DataWindow

To create a TreeView DataWindow

  1. Select File>New from the menu bar and select the DataWindow tab.

  2. If there is more than one target in the workspace, select the target where you want to create the DataWindow from the drop-down list at the bottom of the dialog box.

  3. Choose the TreeView presentation style for the DataWindow and click OK.

  4. Select the data source you want to use.

    You are prompted to specify the data.

  5. Define the tables and columns you want to use.

    You are prompted to specify the TreeView grouping columns.

    Multiple columns and multiple TreeView levels

    You can specify more than one column, but all columns apply to TreeView level one. At this point, you can define only one TreeView level. You define additional levels later.

    In the following example, TreeView grouping will be by department, as specified by the dept_id column:

    If you want to use an expression, you can define it when you have completed the wizard. See Using an expression for a column name.

    The sample DataWindow shown in Example uses the department and employee tables in the PB Demo DB database.

  6. Specify the column or columns that will be at the top level (level 1) of the TreeView DataWindow.

    The sample DataWindow uses the department name as the top level. If you want to display both the department ID and department name, you specify that both columns are at the top level.

  7. If you want the TreeView DataWindow to display grid lines, select the Grid Style check box.

    When you select the Grid Style check box, the TreeView DataWindow displays grid lines for rows and columns. You can drag the grid lines to resize rows and columns.

  8. Click Next.

  9. Modify the default color and border settings if needed, and then click Next.

  10. Review the TreeView DataWindow characteristics.

  11. Click Finish.

    The DataWindow painter Design view displays. For information about the Design view, see TreeView DataWindow Design view. For information about adding additional levels, see Adding and deleting TreeView levels.

What PowerBuilder does

As a result of your specifications, PowerBuilder generates a TreeView DataWindow object and creates:

  • A TreeView header band with controls that include the heading text of the detail band columns

  • The first TreeView level band with the TreeView level columns you chose in the wizard

  • The detail (leaf node) band that includes all the column controls except for first-level columns you selected in the wizard

  • A level 1 trailer band.

  • A summary band, and a footer band.

Here is the sample TreeView DataWindow object in the Design view:

If you selected the Grid Style check box, vertical and horizontal grid lines display:

Here is the sample TreeView DataWindow object in the Preview view:

Using an expression for a column name

If you want to use an expression for one or more column names in a TreeView, you can enter it as the TreeView definition on the General page in the Properties view after you finish using the TreeView wizard.

To use an expression for a TreeView column name

  1. Open the Properties view and click the TreeView level band in the Design view.

  2. Click the ellipsis button next to the TreeView Level Definition box on the General page in the Properties view to open the Specify Group Columns dialog box.

  3. In the Columns box, double-click the column you want to use in an expression.

    The Modify Expression dialog box opens. You can specify more than one grouping item expression for a group. A break occurs whenever the value concatenated from each column/expression changes.

What you can do

All of the techniques available in a tabular DataWindow object, such as moving controls and specifying display formats, are available for modifying and enhancing TreeView DataWindow objects. See Adding and deleting TreeView levels to read more about the bands in a TreeView DataWindow object and see how to add features especially suited for TreeView DataWindow objects, such as additional TreeView levels or summary statistics.

DataWindow Object is not updatable by default

When you generate a DataWindow object using the TreeView presentation style, PowerBuilder makes it not updatable by default. If you want to be able to update the database through the TreeView DataWindow object, you must modify its update characteristics. For more information, see Controlling Updates in DataWindow objects.