SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise Performance and locking

An important consideration when designing a database application is deciding when CONNECT and COMMIT statements should occur to maximize performance and limit locking and resource use. A CONNECT takes a certain amount of time and can tie up resources during the life of the connection. If this time is significant, then limiting the number of CONNECT statements is desirable.

In addition, after a connection is established, SQL statements can cause locks to be placed on database entities. The more locks at a given moment in time, the more likely it is that the locks will hold up another transaction.


No set of rules for designing a database application is totally comprehensive. However, when you design a PowerBuilder application, you should do the following:

  • Long-running connections

    Determine whether you can afford to have long-running connections. If not, your application should connect to the database only when absolutely necessary. After all the work for that connection is complete, the transaction should be disconnected.

    If long-running connections are acceptable, then COMMITs should be issued as often as possible to guarantee that all changes do in fact occur. More importantly, COMMITs should be issued to release any locks that may have been placed on database entities as a result of the statements executed using the connection.

  • SetTrans or SetTransObject function

    Determine whether you want to use default DataWindow transaction processing (the SetTrans function) or control the transaction in a script (the SetTransObject function).

    If you cannot afford to have long-running connections and therefore have many short-lived transactions, use the default DataWindow transaction processing. If you want to keep connections open and issue periodic COMMITs, use the SetTransObject function and control the transaction yourself.

Isolation feature

SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise databases use the isolation feature to support assorted database lock options. In PowerBuilder, you can use the Lock property of the transaction object to set the isolation level when you connect to the database.

The following example shows how to set the Lock property to Read uncommitted:

Example 1

This script uses embedded SQL to connect to a database and  insert a row in the ORDER_HEADER table and a row in the ORDER_ITEM table. Depending on the success of the statements in the script, the script executes either a COMMIT or a ROLLBACK.

// Set the SQLCA connection properties.
SQLCA.servername = "SERVER24"
SQLCA.database = "ORDERS"
SQLCA.logid = "JPL"
// Connect to the database. AutoCommit is set to
// False by default.
// Insert a row into the ORDER_HEADER table.
// A ROLLBACK is required only if the first row
// was inserted successfully.
   VALUES ( 7891, 129 ); 
// Test return code for ORDER_HEADER insertion.
if SQLCA.sqlcode = 0 then
// Since the ORDER_HEADER is inserted, 
// try to insert ORDER_ITEM. 
      VALUES ( 7891, 1, '991PLS', 456 );
// Test return code for ORDER_ITEM insertion.
   if SQLCA.sqlcode = -1 then
// If insert failed, roll back insertion of 
   end if
end if
// Commit changes and disconnect from the database.

Error checking

Although you should test the SQLCode after every SQL statement, these examples show statements to test the SQLCode only to illustrate a specific point.

Example 2

This example uses the scripts for the Open and Close events in a window and the Clicked event in a CommandButton to illustrate how you can manage transactions in a DataWindow control. Assume that the window contains a DataWindow control dw_1 and that the user enters data in dw_1 and then clicks the Cb_Update button to send the data to the database.

Since this script uses SetTransObject to connect to the database, the programmer is responsible for managing the transaction.

The window OPEN event script:

// Set the transaction object properties 
// and connect to the database. 
// Set the SQLCA connection properties. 
SQLCA.servername = "SERVER24" 
SQLCA.database = "ORDERS"
SQLCA.logid = "JPL" 
// Connect to the database. 
// Tell the DataWindow which transaction object
// to use.
SetTransObject( dw_1, SQLCA )

The CommandButton CLICKED event script:

// Declare ReturnValue an integer. 
integer ReturnValue 
ReturnValue = Update( dw_1 )
// Test to see if updates were successful. 
if ReturnValue = -1 then
// Updates were not successful. Since we used 
// SetTransObject, roll back any changes made 
// to the database. 
// Updates were successful. Since we used 
// SetTransObject, commit any changes made 
// to the database. 
end if

The window CLOSE event script:

// Disconnect from the database.

See also

SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise Using CONNECT, COMMIT, DISCONNECT, and ROLLBACK