Using lists

You can use lists to present information to the user in simple lists with scroll bars. You can present this information with text and pictures (in a PictureListBox) or with text alone (using a ListBox).

Depending on how you design your application, the user can select one or more list items to perform an action based on the list selection.

You add ListBox and PictureListBox controls to windows in the same way you add other controls: select ListBox or PictureListBox from the Insert>Control menu and click the window.

Adding items to list controls

In the painter

Use the Item property page for the control to add new items.

To add items to a ListBox or PictureListBox:

  1. Select the Items tab in the Properties view for the control.

  2. Enter the name of the items for the ListBox. For a PictureListBox, also enter a picture index number to associate the item with a picture.

    For instructions on adding pictures to a PictureListBox, see Adding pictures to PictureListBox controls.

In a script

Use the AddItem and InsertItem functions to dynamically add items to a ListBox or PictureListBox at runtime. AddItem adds items to the end of the list. However, if the list is sorted, the item will then be moved to its position in the sort order. Use InsertItem if you want to specify where in the list the item will be inserted.


You supply


Item name

Position in which the item will be inserted

Picture index (for a PictureListBox)


Item name

Picture index (for a PictureListBox)

For example, this script adds items to a ListBox:

This.AddItem ("Vaporware")
This.InsertItem ("Software",2)
This.InsertItem ("Hardware",2)
This.InsertItem ("Paperware",2)

This script adds items and images to a PictureListBox:

This.AddItem ("Monitor",2)
This.AddItem ("Modem", 3)
This.AddItem ("Printer",4)
This.InsertItem ("Scanner",5,1)

Using the Sort property

You can set the control's sort property to TRUE or check the Sorted check box on the General property page to ensure that the items in the list are always arranged in ascending alphabetical order.

Adding pictures to PictureListBox controls

In the painter

Use the Pictures and Items property pages for the control to add pictures.

To add pictures to a PictureListBox:

  1. Select the Pictures tab in the Properties view for the control.

  2. Select an image from the stock image list, or use the Browse button to select a bitmap, cursor, or icon image.

  3. Select a color from the PictureMaskColor drop-down menu for the image.

    The color selected for the picture mask will appear transparent in the PictureListBox.

  4. Select a picture height and width.

    This will control the size of the images in the PictureListBox.

    Dynamically changing image size

    You can use a script to change the image size at runtime by setting the PictureHeight and PictureWidth properties before you add any pictures when you create a PictureListBox.

    For more information about PictureHeight and PictureWidth, see the section called “PictureHeight” in Objects and Controls and the section called “PictureWidth” in Objects and Controls.

  5. Repeat the procedure for the number of images you plan to use in your PictureListBox.

  6. Select the Items tab and change the Picture Index for each item to the appropriate number.

In a script

Use the AddPicture function to dynamically add pictures to a PictureListBox at runtime. For example, the script below sets the size of the picture, adds a BMP file to the PictureListBox, and adds an item to the control:

This.PictureHeight = 75
This.PictureWidth = 75
This.AddPicture ("c:\ArtGal\bmps\butterfly.bmp")
This.AddItem("Aine Minogue",8)

Deleting pictures from picture list controls

Use the DeletePicture and DeletePictures functions to delete pictures from either a PictureListBox or a DropDownPictureListBox.

When you use the DeletePicture function, you must supply the picture index of the picture you want to delete.

For example:

This.DeletePicture (1)

deletes the first Picture from the control, and

This.DeletePictures ()

deletes all the pictures in a control.


The following window contains a ListBox control and a PictureListBox. The ListBox control contains four items, and the PictureListBox has one:

When the user double-clicks an item in the ListBox, a script executes to:

  • Delete all the items in the PictureListBox

  • Add new items to the PictureListBox that are related to the ListBox item that was double-clicked

This is the script used in the ListBox DoubleClicked event:

int li_count
//Find out the number of items
//in the PictureListBox
li_count = plb_1.totalItems()

// Find out which item was double-clicked
// Then:
// * Delete all the items in the PictureListBox
// * Add the items associated with the
//    double-clicked item
   CASE 1
      DO WHILE plb_1.totalitems() > 0

   CASE 2
      DO WHILE plb_1.totalitems() > 0
      plb_1.InsertItem("50 lb.",9,1)

   CASE 3
      DO WHILE plb_1.totalitems() > 0

   CASE 4
      DO WHILE plb_1.totalitems() > 0