Sending Windows messages

To send Windows messages to a window that you created in PowerBuilder or to an external window (such as a window you created using an external function), use the Post or Send function. To trigger a PowerBuilder event, use the EVENT syntax or the TriggerEvent or PostEvent function.

Using Post and Send

You usually use the Post and Send functions to trigger Windows events that are not PowerBuilder-defined events. You can include these functions in a script for the window in which the event will be triggered or in any script in the application.

Post is asynchronous: the message is posted to the message queue for the window or control. Send is synchronous: the window or control receives the message immediately.

As of PowerBuilder 6.0, all events posted by PowerBuilder are processed by a separate queue from the Windows system queue. PowerBuilder posted messages are processed before Windows posted messages.

Obtaining the window's handle

To obtain the handle of the window, use the Handle function. To combine two integers to form the Long value of the message, use the Long function. Handle and Long are utility functions, which are discussed later in this chapter.

Triggering PowerBuilder events

To trigger a PowerBuilder event, you can use the techniques listed in the following table.



TriggerEvent function

A synchronous function that triggers the event immediately in the window or control

PostEvent function

An asynchronous function: the event is posted to the event queue for the window or control

Event call syntax

A method of calling events directly for a control using dot notation

All three methods bypass the messaging queue and are easier to code than the Send and Post functions.


All three statements shown below click the CommandButton cb_OK and are in scripts for the window that contains cb_OK.

The Send function uses the Handle utility function to obtain the handle of the window that contains cb_OK, then uses the Long function to combine the handle of cb_OK with 0 (BN_CLICK) to form a Long that identifies the object and the event:

cb_OK.EVENT Clicked()

The TriggerEvent function identifies the object in which the event will be triggered and then uses the enumerated datatype Clicked! to specify the clicked event.

The dot notation uses the EVENT keyword to trigger the Clicked event. TRIGGER is the default when you call an event. If you were posting the clicked event, you would use the POST keyword:

Cb_OK.EVENT POST Clicked()